TNPSC Sub-Inspector of Fisheries Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019
TNPSC Syllabus 2019: TNPSC Sub-Inspector of Fisheries Notification 2019 has been released by Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission. Notification is out for a total of 6 Posts. The Recruitment Process for the post notified is based on 2 stages viz., Written Exam followed by Interview. Interested and eligible candidates can apply online based on the eligibility criteria on or before 10th February 2019.
TNPSC Sub-Inspector of Fisheries 2019: – Exam Pattern for 1st Stage Written Examination:
|Duration||Max Marks||Min marks for selection|
Paper- I (Subject Paper)
(Any one of the following subjects in which the candidate acquired has the Degree / Diploma Qualification)
|Paper – II (General Studies)
General Studies (Diploma Standard) – 75 Questions AND Aptitude and Mental Ability (SSLC Standard) – 25 Questions
|Interview and Records||–|
- The Question paper for subjects in Fisheries Science (Both Degree and Diploma) mentioned in Paper – I will be set in English only and Question paper for Zoology (Degree Standard) mentioned in Paper – I and Paper – II will be set both in English and Tamil.
- In the online application, applicants should choose and specify any one of the subjects mentioned on the ‘Scheme of Examination’ in which they had obtained the Degree or Diploma qualification.
TNPSC Sub-Inspector of Fisheries 2019: – Syllabus for 1st Stage Written Examination:
PAPER 1: ZOOLOGY
Non-Chordata: General organisation – Classification with diagnostic features upto classes. Evalutionary relationship among taxa, symmetry.
Protozoa: Structure, reproduction and life history of Amoeba, Paramecium, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium, Monocystis, Leishmania – locomotion, nutrition, economic importance. Porifera: Sponges canal system, skeleton, reproduction and economic importance.
Coelenterata: Diploblastic organization – life history of obelia and Aurelia, Metagenesis – Polymorphism in Hydrozoa. Corals and Coral formation – relationships of Cnidaria and Acnidaria.
Helminthes: Structure and life history of Planaria, Fasciola, Teania, Ascaris and Wucheriria – parasitic adaptations – Helminthes in relation to man.
Annelida: Nereis, earthworm and leech – Coelom and metamerism – modes of life in polychactes. Onychophora: Structure, affinities and distribution of Peripatus.
Arthropoda: Prawn, Scorpion and Cockroach – Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea – Mouth parts, vision, respiration and excretion. Metamorphosis and social life in insects.
Mollusca: Freshwater mussel, pila, sepia. Echinodermata: General organisation – Water vascular system. Larval forms and affinities.
Prochordata: Amphioxus, Balanoglossus – Ascidian retrogressive Metamorphosis, neoteny and affinities.
Chordata: General Organisation – Characters, Outline, classification upto class level. Pisces: Locomotion, migration, respiration, Parental care, economic importance; structure and affinities of dipnoi.
Amphibia: Origin of amphibians – Respiration, Parental care – South Indian amphibians.
Reptiles: Origin – Conquest of land – adaptations to live on land, adaptive radiation – Temporal Vacuities – identification of poisonous and non-poisonous snakes – poison apparatus – South Indian snakes.
Birds: Origin – flight adaptations – mechanism of flight – double respiration – migration – Flightless birds.
Mammals: Dentition, skin derivatives – distribution – adaptive radiation. Protothria, Metatheria, eutheria and their Phylogenetic relationships
Cell and Molecular Biology: Cellular Organelles – Structure and function – Plasma membrane, Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Endoplasmic reticulum and Ribosomes – Nucleus and Nucleolus. Cell division, cell cycle; Chromosomes – DNA structure and function, replication of DNA, Genetic code – RNA and protein synthesis. Gene expression, regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Recombinant DNA – Genetic engineering, its uses in agriculture, industries and medicine. expression, regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Recombinant DNA – Genetic engineering, its uses in agriculture, industries and medicine.
Genetics: Mendelian concepts, multiple alleles, blood groups, Rh-factor. Linkage, crossing over – mutation (Natural and induced); Sex chromosomes, Sex determination and Sex Linked inheritance – Chromosome number and form ploidy – cytoplasmic inheritance – Karyo types – chromosome mapping, Normal and abnormal genetic disorders; Bio-chemical genetics – Eugenics. Human genome Project. Bio-statistics: Mean, Median and standard deviation.
Bio-informatics: DNA and Protein sequence analysis, Prediction functional structure, protein folding, Phylogenetic tree construction.
Bio Chemistry: Bio-molecules, Structure and role of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and amino acids – Glycolysis and kreb’s cycle – oxidation, reduction – oxidative phosphorylation – energy conservation and release, cyclic AMP, ATP; enzymes – mechanism; Hormones-classification biosynthesis and function. Physiology: With reference to mammals,digestion, nutrition, balanced diet – assimilation, intermediary/metabolism. Composition of blood – Coagulation, Transport of oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Blood pigments, Mechanism of respiration. Muscles, mechanism of muscle contraction. Temperature regulation, Acid base balance and homeostasis, Nerve impulses and conduction, neurotransmitters.
Receptors– photo, phono and chemo reception. Nephron and urine formation. Endocrine glands, testis, ovary and pituitary organs and their inter relationship. Physiology of reproduction in humans, Hormonal development in insects, pheromones and their uses. Bioluminescence. Biological clock. Physiology of immune response- Antigens – Immuno globulins – humoral and cell mediated immunity. T and B cells, mechanism of antibody formation – Immunodeficiency diseases; vaccination.
Development Biology: Gametogenesis – fertilization, Pathenogenesis, type of eggs – blastulation, cleavage and gastrulation in frog and chick. Morphogenetic movements – organizer, potency, organogenesis with reference to ear, eye, kidney, brain. Formation and fate of extra embryonic membranes in chick.
Plancentation– types, functions. – metamorphosis in Frog – Regeneration. Stem cells-sources, types and their uses in human welfare, IVF, embryo transfer and cloning – Aging and senescence.
Environmental Biology: Biotic and abiotic factors, their role, Intra and inter specific association. Biogeochemical cycles. Ecosystem- structure and function of ecosystems, types of ecosystems. Ecological succession, Community structure – Stratification. Population and Population dynamic – Habitat ecology. Wild life, need for conservation management and methods of conservation. Sanctuaries with special reference to Tamil Nadu. Pollution – air, water and land – Perspective policy planning for the environment.
Evolution: Origin of life – Evolutionary theories – Contributions of Lamarck, Darwin and De Vries – present status of Darwinism and Lamarkism – modern synthetic concept – Hardy Weinberg Law – Polymorphism and mimicry in evolution. Speciation: evolutionary species concept – Isolation, mechanisms and their role, role of hybridization in evolution. Fossils and Fossilization, Indian fossils, Geological time scale. Origin and evolution of horse and man – Culture evolution and Biochemical evolution.
Animal distribution: Zoogeographical distribution – Continental and island fauna – Continental drift – Discontinuous distribution, adaptive radiation. Natural resources and their conservation. Alternative sources of energy.
Economic Zoology: Parasitism and Commensalism – Protozoan Parasites and diseases, helminthes parasites and diseases of man and domestic animals; Beneficial and harmful insects. Insect pests on crops and stored products – Control methods. IPM. Sericulture, apiculture, lac culture, seaweed culture, vermiculture, – oyster culture and pearl formation, poultry, pisciculture and induced breeding, Shell fisheries, Aquaculture practices in Tamil Nadu and their impact on the environment and on agriculture.
Instrumentation and Bio-techniques: Microscopy-Phase contrast, fluorescent, TEM, SEM. Colorimetric techniques, Centrifugation techniques. Fixation, staining techniques. Electrophoretic techniques: Principles, AGE and PAGE. DNA finger printing, RFLP, RAPD and AFLP.
PAPER -1: FISHERIES SCIENCE
FISH BIOLOGY, FISH PHYSIOLOGY & FISH GENETICS: Systematics – Binomial nomenclature: classification of elasmobranchs, teleost’s, crustaceans, and molluscs; external morphology – morphometric – meristic and anatomy of finfish and shellfish, DNA bar coding –Karyo taxonomy, Food and feeding habits –Gastro somatic index length weight relationships – age and growth – reproductive strategies – breeding – maturation and spawning –Gonado- somatic index fecundity and development biology of commercially important finfish and shellfish – physiology – respiration, circulation, digestion, excretion, osmoregulation–reproductive physiology -endocrine glands and sex hormones. Fish genetics : Sex determination, hybridization, fish breeding techniques.- Chinese hatchery, cryopreservation of gametes.
MARINE FISHERIES AND POPULATION DYNAMICS: Commercially important marine fisheries of world; India, shellfish, crustacean and seaweed resources of India; fish population dynamics – Vonbertalanfy’sgrowth equations- growth and mortality parameters – Maximum sustainable yield –Maximum economic yield- CPUE-Yield per recruit- fish stock assessment softwares – growth overfishing-recruitment overfishing – Closed season –mesh size regulation.
AQUACULTURE, ORNAMENTAL FISH CULTURE AND FISH DISEASES: Site selection for fish culture – cultivable fishes for fresh water- Pond chemistry – Dissolved Oxygen – Alkalinity, Hardness aquaculture , fish feeds – Pond disinfection with lime -Water quality management, integrated fish farming – sewage – fed fish culture, brackish water aquaculture, – -Shrimp culture –– shrimp feed formulation – shrimp hatchery and nursery rearing- culture techniques of bivalves, Mari culture- candidate species for Mariculture, Open water cages –Ornamental fish culture – Live bearers-Egg layers- culture of Fish food organisms- aquarium keeping –Fish diseases –fish parasites-Bacterial and viral diseasesremedial measures.
LIMNOLOGY, AQUATIC ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY, FISHERY OCEANOGRAPHY, AQUATIC POLLUTION, COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT: Physico – chemical characteristics of fresh water bodies; lentic and lotic systems, flora and fauna, classification of lakes based on origin, productivity & mixing of water; phytoplankton and zooplankton, nekton, benthos, Estimation of primary production; Components of aquatic ecosystems, food chain, energy flow, animal association; Ecological niches – lagoons, estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, flood plains, wet lands- exotic species- endangered species, conservation of habitats Marine zones – physical properties of sea water –chemistry of sea water- waves, tides, currents, El -Nino, Ekmanspiral, upwelling; Aquatic pollution – BOD,COD, oxygen demanding waste, eutrophication-sewage pollution, red tide- oil pollution, pesticide pollution, thermal pollution, radioactive pollution- biological indicators of pollution; Application of GIS in aquatic resource identification- remote sensing for coastal managementCRZ – Environmental Impact Assessment.
FISHERIES ECONOMICS, STATISTICS, FISHERIES MARKETING & FISHERIES EXTENSION: Theories of demand and supply, market equilibrium, production function in capture and culture fisheries, Economics of fishing and fish farming, fish marketing; marketing channel, export and import policies; mean, median, mode standard deviation, bar diagram, pie diagram, histogram, frequency polygon, primary and secondary data for statistical analysis, correlation co-efficient, linear regression; extension teaching methods and use of audiovisual aids in extension activities, individual group and mass contact methods.
UNIT – VI:
FISHING GEAR TECHNOLOGY, FISHING CRAFT TECHNOLOGY& NAVIGATION AND SEAMANSHIP: Types of fishing gears – fishing gear materials and their properties– yarn numbering system – Fishing gear accessories, floats, sinkers, etc.-design and construction of gill nets longline, trawls and purse seine. Principles of hydrostatics , law of floatation –Archimedes principle – Simpson’s rules Fishing craft materials – wood, steel, FRP- form co-efficients, TPC– ship’s stability– state of equilibrium care and maintenance of vessels; types of propeller and rudder; Principles of navigation and seamanship – chart reading and fixing positions- chart symbols Compass, GPS–EPIRB- Rules of road related to fishing vessels – navigational lightsInternational code flags-life saving devices- buoyage system, storm signals, distress signals.
UNIT – VII:
REFRIGERATION AND EQUIPMENT ENGINEERING, MARINE ENGINES Laws of thermodynamics-vapour compression refrigeration- vapour absorption refrigerationCompressor, evaporator, condenser – Freezers – plate, blast, tunnel- refrigerated- coefficient of performance sea water systems; Types and functions – operation and maintenance of various processing equipments-types of diesel engines and their working principles – outboard engines.
UNIT – VIII:
FISH IN NUTRITION, FISH PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY Nutritional value of fish- protein, non -protein, nitrogen, lipid, minerals, micro and macro element, trace elements, other functional biomolecules in fishes. Freshness of fish and rigor mortis – mechanisms of fish spoilage – fish drying methods – principles of salting and salt curing methods – smoking of fishes. Canning materials – canning media – methods of canning – quality of canned fishery products. Spoilage of canned foods, types, causes and preventive measures-packaging materials for canned foods. Fish preservation by chilling and icing – preparation of ice-chemicals used in freezing – types of freezing changes during frozen storage– method of thawing. Microbiological and biochemical changes in freezing – packaging and transport of frozen fishery products – freeze drying.
FISH PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY, FISH PRODUCTS AND VALUE ADDITION Packaging materials and their properties-packaging for retail sale and storage- retort pouch packing, vacuum packaging, active packaging, MAP. Fishery by products – Fish meal- fish oilshrimp waste- chitin –chitosan-fish protein concentrate- fish hydrolysate- fish silage – fish maws, fish glue- gelatin-isinglass-utilization of seaweeds –agar agar – algin – carrageenan.
MICROBIOLOGY OF FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS, QUALITY ASSURANCE OF FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS Source and types of microorganisms in fish and fishery products-Indicators of microbiological quality of fish and fishery products-nutritive values of processed seafood. Quality dimensions of sea food-assessment of quality changes in fresh and iced fish and during processingapplication of HACCP concept in quality assurance-Role of EIA and MPEDA in fish and fishery products- Certification system for fish and fishery products –sea food safety – authenticity – traceability
PAPER-1: FISHERIES SCIENCE/FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY
FISHERY BIOLOGY: Classification of fishes – Morphometric and Meristic Characters – Length weight RelationshipFood and Feeding Habits – Reproductive Biology- Fish Physiology – Developmental Biology of Fin Fish, Shell fishes – Aquatic Ecology.
INLAND & MARINE FISHERIES: Capture fishery resource of India – Major Riverine fisheries of India – Lake Fisheries Reservoir Fisheries – Cold Water Fisheries – Pollution in Inland Waters. Principal Marine Fisheries of Indian Coasts–Crustacean fishery resources-shrimps, lobstersMolluscan resources-Gastropods, Bivalves- Sea weed Resources –– Von Betalanffy’s Growth equation –growth parameters – mortality parameters-Maximum Sustainable Yield-Distribution of living organisms in the Sea.
NAUTICAL TECHNOLOGY:Compass – Navigational Charts – Mercator Projections – Buoyage System – International Codeflag signals –Navigational lights-Firefighting –Strom Signals – Distress Signals – Life Saving Appliances-Life buoy-Life jackets-Life raft.
UNIT – IV:
FISH PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY Proximate composition of fish –principle of fish spoilage– Rigor Mortis – Drying, Salt drying, Icing, Freezing, Canning, Fishery by products, Fish packaging technology.
AQUACULTURE Site selection for fish culture –composite fish culture– Plankton – Fertilization – Aqua feeds – Pond disinfection with lime -Water quality management – Disease control-common fresh water ornamental Fishes.
UNIT – VI:
OCEANOGRAPHY AND METEOROLOGY Waves- Tides- Currents- El – Nino – Salinity – Tsunamis – Weather – Climate – humidityTropical Cyclones – Atmospheric pressure.
FISHING GEAR AND CRAFT TECHNOLOGY Classification of Fishing Gear – Fishing Gear Materials –Modern Fishing gears – Trawls, Gill, Nets, Longlines Fishing Gear Accessories – Fishing Crafts of Indian Coast – Wooden boat construction – Steel boat construction – FRP boat Construction-Dry docking.– Boat building yards.
FISHERY ECONOMICS Basic Economic terminologies – Elasticity – Price, Income – Cost, returns – Marketing – Cooperatives – Socio economic Survey – economics of fish and fish seed production systemeconomics of marine capture fisheries.
FISHERIES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION Open Access Fisheries- Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY),– Fishing holidays, Mesh size regulations- Growth over fishing – Recruitment over fishing – Ecosystem approach for fisheries management -EEZ-Marine fisheries regulations.
FISHERY ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING Site selection for fish farm- types of ponds-Pumps, Aerators, Sluice, Monk- canals-types of dykes –Classification of Engines – Marine diesel Engines – parts of IC engines – Fishing machineries -Net hauler, Winch,.– Fish processing machineries.-Canning machineriesRefrigeration machineries. Principles of electricity-Batteries- Principles of Radio Transmission-RADAR –sound propagation in water – Fish finding Equipments – Echo Sounder – SONAR –– Communication Equipments – Radio Telephone.
PAPER-2: GENERAL STUDIES
Physics – Nature of Universe‐General Scientific laws‐Inventions and discoveries‐National scientific laboratories‐Mechanics and properties of matter‐Physical quantities, standards and units‐Force, motion and energy‐Magnetism, electricity and electronics‐ Heat, light and sound.
Chemistry ‐ Elements and Compounds‐Acids, bases and salts‐Fertilizers, pesticides, Insecticides.
Botany‐Main Concepts of life science‐Classification of living organism‐Nutrition and dietetics‐Respiration.
Zoology‐Blood and blood circulation‐Reproductive system‐Environment, ecology, health and hygiene‐Human diseases, prevention and remedies‐Animals, plants and human life.
History- Latest diary of events‐national ‐National symbols‐Profile of States‐Eminent persons & places in news‐Sports & games‐Books & authors ‐Awards & honors’‐India and its neighbours.
Political Science‐Problems in conduct of public elections‐Political parties and political system in India‐Public awareness & General administration‐Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility.
Economics -Current socio‐economic problems.
Science- Latest inventions on science & technology.
GEOGRAPHY Earth and Universe‐Solar system‐Monsoon, rainfall, weather & climate‐Water resources ‐ rivers in India‐Soil, minerals & natural resources‐Forest & wildlife‐Agricultural pattern‐Transport & communication‐Social geography – population‐density and distribution‐Natural calamities – Disaster Management.
HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA AND TAMIL NADU Indus valley civilization‐Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas‐Age of Vijayanagaram and the bahmanis‐South Indian history‐Culture and Heritage of Tamil people‐India since independence‐Characteristics of Indian culture‐Unity in diversity – race, colour, language, custom‐India‐as secular state‐Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN‐Political parties and populist schemes.
INDIAN POLITY Constitution of India‐‐Preamble to the constitution‐ Salient features of constitution‐ Union, state and territory‐ Citizenship‐rights amend duties‐ Fundamental rights‐ Fundamental duties‐ Human rights charter‐ Union legislature – Parliament‐. State executive‐. State Legislature – assembly‐ Local government – panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu‐ Judiciary in 22 India – Rule of law/Due process of law‐. Elections‐. Official language and Schedule‐VIII‐. Corruption in public life‐. Anti‐corruption measures –CVC, lokadalats, Ombudsman, CAG‐ Right to information‐ Empowerment of women‐ Consumer protection forums.
INDIAN ECONOMY Nature of Indian economy‐ Five‐year plan models‐an assessment‐Land reforms & agriculture‐Application of science in agriculture‐Industrial growth‐Rural welfare oriented programmers‐Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment, poverty‐Economic trends in Tamil Nadu.
INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT National renaissance‐‐Emergence of national leaders‐Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore‐Different modes of agitations‐Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle Rajaji, VOC, Periyar , Bharathiar & others.
APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY TESTS (SSLC STANDARD) Conversion of information to data‐Collection, compilation and presentation of data ‐ Tables, graphs, diagrams‐Parametric representation of data‐Analytical interpretation of data ‐Simplification‐Percentage‐Highest Common Factor (HCF)‐Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)‐Ratio and Proportion‐ Simple Interest‐ Compound interest‐Area‐Volume‐Time and Work ‐ Logical Reasoning‐Puzzles‐ Dice‐Visual Reasoning‐Alpha numeric Reasoning‐Number Series.