UPSC Civil Service Examination Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019

UPSC Civil Service Examination Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019: Union Public Service Commission has released UPSC Civil Services Exam 2019 notification for various posts including IAS, IPS, IFS etc for a total of 896 Posts. The recruitment process for the posts notified in this Centralized Employment Notification is based on Three stage viz Preliminary Exam(Objective Type), Mains Examination(Descriptive Type) followed by Interview. Interested and eligible candidates can apply online before 18th March 2019.

UPSC Civil Service Examination SyllabusUPSC Civil Service Examination Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019 – Exam Pattern for 1st Stage Preliminary Exam:


No of Questions Marks


Paper – 1 (General Studies)

100 200 2 hours
Paper – 2 (Quantitative Aptitude) 80



  • There shall be negative marking for incorrect answers 1/3rd of the marks allotted for each question shall be deducted for each wrong answer.
  • The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks (200 marks each) out of which Paper  2 will be of Qualifying in nature with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  • This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only.
  • Language of Question Paper will be set both in Hindi and English.
  • The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination.

Syllabus for 1st Stage UPSC Preliminary Exam 2019 (Common for all notified posts):

Paper I :

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

Paper II:

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level).

UPSC Civil Service Examination Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019 – Exam Pattern for 2nd Stage Mains Exam:




Qualifying Papers

Paper A

Indian Language 300 Marks
Paper B English

300 Marks

Papers to be counted for merit


Essay 250 Marks
Paper-II General Studies – 1

250 Marks


General Studies – 2 250 Marks
Paper -IV General Studies – 3

250 Marks

Paper – V

General Studies – 4 250 Marks
Paper – VI Optional Paper -1

250 Marks

Paper – VII

Optional Paper – 2 250 Marks
Sub Total (Written test)

1750 Marks

Personality Test

275 Marks
Grand Total

2025 Marks

List of Indian Language subjects for Main Examination :

Assamese Odia
Bengali Punjabi
Gujarati Sanskrit
Hindi Sindhi
Kannada Tamil
Kashmiri Telugu
Konkani Urdu
Malayalam Bodo
Manipuri Dogri
Marathi Maithilli
Nepali Santhali

List of optional subjects for Main Examination:

Agriculture Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Anthropology Botany
Chemistry Civil Engineering
Commerce and Accountancy Economics
Electrical Engineering Geography
Geology  History
Law Management
Mathematics Mechanical Engineering
Medical Science Philosophy
Physics Political Science and International Relations
Psychology Public Administration
Sociology Statistics
Zoology Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese Bengali
Bodo Dogri
Gujarati Hindi
Kannada Kashmiri
Konkani Maithili
Malayalam Manipuri
Marathi Nepali
Odia Punjabi
Sanskrit Santhali
Sindhi Tamil
Telugu Urdu

Syllabus of Qualifying Papers for UPSC Mains Examination 2019: Stage – 2: 


  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Précis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays

Indian Languages:

  • comprehension of given passages.
  • Précis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa

Syllabus of General Studies Papers for UPSC Mains Exam 2019 (CSE): Stage – 2: 

PAPER-I: Essay:
  • Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
PAPER-II:General Studies-I :

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/ contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
PAPER-III General Studies- II:

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International:

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other Countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
PAPER-IV General Studies-III:

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management :

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
PAPER-V General Studies- IV:

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.
Optional Subject Papers I & II:
  • Candidate may choose any optional subject from amongst the List of Optional Subjects given above.

Important Links:

To Apply

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For Official Notification (Civil Service)

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For Official Notification (Forest Service)

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For Official Website

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For UPSC Civil Services Exam 2019

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